Salzburg is the fourth largest city in Austria and renowned for its baroque architecture. The city was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997 and is one of the best preserved city centers north of the Alps. Salzburg is also the birthplace of one of the most prolific and influential composers of the Classical Period, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
The Classical Period is generally accepted as the period of music between the years 1750 and 1820, and falls between the Baroque and the Romantic Periods. The best known composers from this period are Joseph Haydn, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig van Beethoven and Franz Schubert.
Mozart was born on January 27, 1756 to Leopold Mozart and Anna Maria (Pertl) at 9 Getreidegasse in Salzburg. The Mozart family lived at this house until 1773. Today, Geburtshaus, as it is known, is a museum dedicated to the remarkable composer and one of the most commonly visited tourist sites in Austria. The museum was first established in 1880 by the International Mozarteum Foundation. Over the decades which followed, it has undergone a systematic process of remodeling and expansion and it is now a place of cultural interest that attracts thousands of visitors to Salzburg from all over the world.
Guests can browse through the original rooms in which the Mozart family lived and view a wide range of artefacts, including historical instruments, documents, keepsakes and mementos. The museum also houses a majority of the portraits painted of Mozart during his lifetime including the unfinished oil painting by his brother-in-law.
The building also houses a grocery store which specializes in produce from the Salzburg region. Here, visitors can find exquisite souvenirs, such as the original chocolate coated marzipan ‘Mozartkugeln’ candies made by Fürst confectioners. Like the museum, the shop is open every day of the week.
Museum hours are 9:00 AM – 5:30 PM daily. Guided tours are available by prior arrangement. There is an admission charge of €10.00 for adults and €3.50 for children between the ages of 6-14 years.
It is amazing how the city of Salzburg lovingly cultivates the memory of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart who died in Vienna on December 5, 1791. He was only 35 years old. Music lovers from all over the world come here to retrace the composer’s steps as so much of Salzburg remains unchanged.
Address: Getreidegasse 9, 5020 Salzburg, Austria